What Is Butcher’s Broom?

by Dr. Edward Group DC, NP, DACBN, DCBCN, DABFM Published on , Last Updated on

butchers broom Ruscus aculeatus

Butcher’s broom, or Ruscus aculeatus, is an evergreen like shrub with a long history of use in Europe for promoting circulatory system health. Among other benefits, butcher’s broom helps tighten blood vessels and capillaries, which has generated interest for use against varicose veins. It’s also been shown to relieve fluid retention and other symptoms of chronic venous insufficiency.

How Does Butcher’s Broom Work?

According to American University in Washington, DC, butcher’s broom activates receptors that stimulate the release of noradrenaline to increase vascular tone and constrict blood vessels. The constriction helps to get the blood moving and reduce pooling. Butcher’s broom contains flavonoids that also support normal circulation and strengthen blood vessels. [1]

Butcher’s Broom, Varicose Veins, and Hemorrhoids

Varicose veins and hemorrhoids are common and associated with a loss of blood vessel integrity. Thus, supplementing with herbs, such as horse chestnut and butcher’s broom, that support the vascular system may help. Butcher’s broom is believed to improve both conditions by promoting healthy microcirculation, capillary flow, and strengthening connective tissue. It’s even been approved by the German Commission E (Germany’s version of the FDA) as a remedy for hemorrhoids and a 1999 clinical trial supported butcher broom’s reputation as a hemorrhoid remedy. [2] [3]

The Research: Does Butcher’s Broom Support the Circulatory System?

Research suggests that botanical extracts such as butcher’s broom support healthy circulatory system function and help to improve symptoms of chronic venous insufficiency. [4] [5]

Swelling of the legs, or edema, is a major, problematic symptom of chronic venous insufficiency. German researchers organized a 3-month, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to investigate the efficacy of butcher’s broom extract for remedying leg edema. Reductions in leg and ankle swelling among participants were observed; leading researchers to conclude that butcher’s broom may have promise for people suffering from circulatory system problems. [6]

In 2007, researchers in Mexico conducted an 8-week study in which 124 patients who complained of discomfort, leg heaviness, and edema related to chronic venous insufficiency were put on a daily regimen of two capsules of butcher’s broom. Within two weeks, reductions in complaints were observed. By the end of the study, no complaints remained. [7]

Supplementing with Butcher’s Broom

Although butcher’s broom is largely thought to be safe (and inexpensive), there are two caveats to mention before you add it to your nutritional program. First, problems like chronic venous insufficiency usually have larger, underlying causes such as obesity or a history of blood clots. In such situations, it’s wise to consult and work with your trusted healthcare provider, rather than consult Dr. Internet. Additionally, chronic venous insufficiency and varicose veins can sometimes result from pregnancy, and pregnant women should consult with their healthcare provider before taking butcher’s broom, or any other herbal therapy.

Have you added butcher’s broom or any other circulatory system supporting herb to your nutritional regimen? If so, please leave a comment below and share your experience with us.

References (7)
  1. Redman DA. Ruscus aculeatus (butcher's broom) as a potential treatment for orthostatic hypotension, with a case report. J Altern Complement Med. 2000 Dec;6(6):539-49.
  2. MacKay D. Hemorrhoids and varicose veins: a review of treatment options. Altern Med Rev. 2001 Apr;6(2):126-40.
  3. Kathy Abascal, B.S., J.D., R.H. (A.H.G.), Eric Yarnell, N.D., R.H. (A.H.G.). Botanical Treatments for Hemorrhoids. ALTERNATIVE & COMPLEMENTARY THERAPIES—DECEMBER 2005.
  4. Guex JJ, Avril L, Enrici E, Enriquez E, Lis C, Taïeb C. Quality of life improvement in Latin American patients suffering from chronic venous disorder using a combination of Ruscus aculeatus and hesperidin methyl-chalcone and ascorbic acid (quality study). Int Angiol. 2010 Dec;29(6):525-32.
  5. Lascasas-Porto CL, Milhomens AL, Virgini-Magalhães CE, Fernandes FF, Sicuro FL, Bouskela E. Use of microcirculatory parameters to evaluate clinical treatments of chronic venous disorder (CVD). Microvasc Res. 2008 May;76(1):66-72. doi: 10.1016/j.mvr.2008.02.002. Epub 2008 Mar 15.
  6. Vanscheidt W, Jost V, Wolna P, Lücker PW, Müller A, Theurer C, Patz B, Grützner KI. Efficacy and safety of a Butcher's broom preparation (Ruscus aculeatus L. extract) compared to placebo in patients suffering from chronic venous insufficiency. Arzneimittelforschung. 2002;52(4):243-50.
  7. Aguilar Peralta GR, Arévalo Gardoqui J, Llamas Macías FJ, Navarro Ceja VH, Mendoza Cisneros SA, Martínez Macías CG. Clinical and capillaroscopic evaluation in the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency with Ruscus aculeatus, hesperidin methylchalcone and ascorbic acid in venous insufficiency treatment of ambulatory patients. Int Angiol. 2007 Dec;26(4):378-84.

†Results may vary. Information and statements made are for education purposes and are not intended to replace the advice of your doctor. Global Healing Center does not dispense medical advice, prescribe, or diagnose illness. The views and nutritional advice expressed by Global Healing Center are not intended to be a substitute for conventional medical service. If you have a severe medical condition or health concern, see your physician.

  • westerncanadian

    Does this help with restless leg syndrome? Or is there something else that actually helps?

  • ghc_health

    Can’t say definitively but I didn’t notice anything in my research.

  • Flybird

    I have had numbness in my toes for probably a year or so. I am very active physically. Currently training for a 100 mile cycle ride. The numbness has nothing to do with my spine (MRI neg.) so I think circulatory issues must be the reason. I have read that taking C0q 10 with B.B. is helpful. Any comments on that?

  • Flybird

    Also this issue was happening prior to cycle training….

  • Co10q is great and BB can promote normal circulation… numb toes for a year though? Have you consulted anyone about this?

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  • Manfred Martinez Dominguez

    I would suspect high sugar issues too.

  • Jay

    Butcher’s Broom was helpful during my recovery from Lyme Disease and reduced that “heavy” feeling that is sometimes experienced with this infection.

  • Deanna

    i have just started using Butchers Broom. It has done wonders for my night sweats, seems to give me a little energy boost in the morning and keeps me going all day. Also my bowel movements seem to have improved greatly. I use the capsules and the extract on the bad hemrmroids that bleed. So far everything seems to be going very well.

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