Lithium, the mineral known for its efficacy against bipolar disorder, has become one of the most effective go-to for mental health. What many do not know, however, is that lithium offers a host of other lesser-known benefits, many of which go far beyond brain health. Lithium orotate, a popular lithium supplement, is perhaps the most bioavailable lithium available.
What is Lithium?
Lithium is a trace mineral in the same class as essential electrolyte minerals like sodium and potassium. Many authorities believe it to be a vital trace mineral and an essential nutrient and there exists a provisional recommended daily allowance (RDA) for adults at 1 mg per day.  Lithium orotate, which differs from prescription lithium carbonate, is lithium combined with orotic acid. It was developed by Dr. Hans Nieper.
The Seven Health Benefits of Lithium
Below is a brief list of the seven little-known health benefits of lithium. While this list is by no means exhaustive, it does provide a bit of insight.
1. Promotes Normal Brain Health
Studies have shown that lithium may increase grey matter volume in the prefrontal cortex region of the brain, most likely through the generation of new stem cells. This process is called neurogenesis, or the creation of new brain cells. Research also demonstrates lithium’s neuroprotective potential and ability to discourage age-related, neurodegenerative brain shrinkage.   Research shows that smaller amounts of lithium orotate can be used to support therapeutic brain levels of lithium for longer periods of time compared with lithium carbonate. These findings could revolutionize the field of brain research and neurodegenerative disease.
2. Supports Bone Health
The effects of calcium and phosphorus, two minerals integral to bone formation, may be enhanced through lithium supplementation. Some research indicates lithium’s potential to support bone strength. Lithium may also stimulate bone formation.    
3. Promotes Focus and Attention
In one randomized, double-blind study comparing a popular mind medicine with lithium, it was found that lithium was comparable at addressing the most common symptoms of short attention span and even secondary symptoms like mood imbalance. 
4. Therapeutic Support for Tourette Syndrome?
Tourette’s syndrome is a motor system disorder, with symptoms that include involuntary muscle movements and uncontrollable vocal sounds. A preliminary yet promising study found that lithium had a better outcome than a commonly-prescribed drug. Additionally, the group given lithium experienced a significant and dramatic decrease in the number of tics and involuntary vocal sounds. No side effects were reported in the study and recurrence of symptoms in the lithium group were still clear months later. 
5. Supports Immune Health
Recent research has shown that lithium may have potent immune-bolstering effects, simultaneously exerting immune stimulating properties along with activity against harmful organisms. One major mechanism is by decreasing the level of prostaglandin activity. Prostaglandins are tiny signalers in every cell of the body, modulating a variety of metabolic actions. Excessive prostaglandin activity can depress immune function; however, lithium may play a role in preventing its overproduction and immune-suppressing effects.   
6. Encourages Longevity
Exciting research from Japan has demonstrated a strong correlation between lithium consumption and longevity. The study involved analyzing 18 water municipalities that consisted of over 1.2 million citizens. Results showed lower mortality rates from all causes in the population groups receiving higher levels of lithium in the water supply. Research suggests that lithium may act as an antioxidant, possibly providing anti-aging, life-extension benefits.  
7. Helps Balance Obsessive-Compulsive Behaviors
Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a subgroup of anxiety disorders characterized by obsessive thoughts and behaviors. The exact cause of this disorder remains unknown; yet, scientists believe a combination of biological, psychological, and even environmental factors may fuel the disorder.
A reduction of symptoms common in classic OCD has been associated with lithium supplementation. Compulsive and pathological gamblers have also shown positive response to lithium supplementation, possibly by modulating dopamine imbalances in the brain.  
Aside from helping patients with bipolar disorder and similar mental health issues, lithium has a wide and ever-growing list of health benefits. Researchers continue to investigate the potential of this vital trace mineral.
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