3 Contributors to AutismAutism is a complicated disorder that contains a host of contributing factors. There doesn’t seem to be one precise cause to the disorder, but some of the biggest risk factors include genetics, toxins, and birthing techniques. Here are three of the top contributors to autism:
1. GeneticsWhen it comes to any disease state, genetics are often the culprits behind development. Genetics are just one of the contributors to autism, and it’s a strong one. A recent study has found over 100 mutated genes may be implicated in autism development, and at least 30% of autism cases are likely caused by these genetic mutations.  While researchers aren’t sure as to how this identification can help treat current autistic patients or prevent new cases, there are some clues. Antioxidants may protect against DNA mutations, according to some research, which may help protect future offspring. 
2. PollutionOur air and our food is heavily polluted, and it’s almost impossible to find a completely pristine environment in today’s toxic world. Traffic pollution is something most of us are exposed to on a daily basis, and research is showing that this pollution may be contributing to autism rates.  A woman exposed to heavy traffic pollution during her third trimester has a greater chance of having a baby with autism than mothers exposed to lower amounts. Other toxins, like PBDEs, also show a link to autism. 
3. C-Sections?A Caesarean birth, or C-section, is often performed for medical reasons or upon request, and 1 out of 3 children the United States are delivered using this method. Unfortunately, a C-section also increases autism risk, at least that’s what some researchers believe.  Still, there is plenty of research to be examined in the case of C-sections and autism risk. Natural births may be more helpful for delivering a healthy baby and keeping the mother free from toxic anesthesia.
One Final Thought
Pregnant women should be highly aware of their environment at all times, making sure they are eliminating toxins from their environment and their food. Men may also need to keep their health in check as to protect sperm; however, there is no proof that this can help reduce incidence of children born with autism. Keeping infants away from high levels of pollution and chemicals is also key for protecting their developing brain. In addition, it may be best for expecting mothers to seek out natural birthing methods.
What are your thoughts about autism? What do you think about these contributors? Please let your thoughts known in the comments!
- Miriam Falco. Autism rates now 1 in 68 U.S. children: CDC. CNN.
- Ivan Iossifov, Brian J. O’Roak, Stephan J. Sanders, et al. The contribution of de novo coding mutations to autism spectrum disorder. Nature 515, 216-221. 13 November 2014. doi: 10.1038/nature13908.
- Wei YH, Lee HC. Oxidative stress, mitochondrial DNA mutation, and impairment of antioxidant enzymes in aging. Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2002 Oct; 227 (9): 671-82.
- Volk HE, Lurmann F, Penfold B, Hertz-Picciotto I, McConnell R. Traffic-related air pollution, particulate matter, and autism. JAMA Psychiatry. 2013 Jan;70(1):71-7. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2013.266
- Messer A. Mini-review: polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) flame retardants as potential autism risk factors. Physiol Behav. 2010 Jun 1;100(3): 245-9. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2010.01.011.
- Hannah Gardener, ScD, Donna Spiegelman, ScD, and Stephen L. Buka, ScD. Perinatal and Neonatal Risk Factors for Autism: A Comprehensive Meta-analysis. Pediatrics. Aug 2011; 128(2): 344-355.
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