Symptoms of Iodine Deficiency

by Dr. Edward Group DC, NP, DACBN, DCBCN, DABFM Published on , Last Updated on

A woman is sitting on the grass. Iodine deficiency symptoms manifest as a result of improper thyroid hormone production.Iodine deficiency is a global health issue. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates over 2 billion people may be iodine deficient, with up to 50 million of them suffering from serious symptoms of iodine deficiency, such as brain damage[1]. Once a rare problem in the Western world, this imbalance is on the increase in North America.

This may be related to modern, industrial agricultural practices and a lack of minerals in the soil.[2] Environmental pollutants have robbed the soil of natural mineral levels, and this in turn, translates into poor iodine content in foods. In fact, in some regions of the country, soil levels of iodine are naturally low, and in regions where they used to be high, we are witnessing depletion.[3] Iodine is especially necessary for pregnant women, their unborn babies, and young children; a deficiency can lead to severe developmental issues.[4, 5, 6] Recently, Iodine deficiency has been linked to autism in children.[7]


Iodine deficiency symptoms manifest as a result of improper thyroid hormone production.[8] Simply stated, when the thyroid gland does not receive enough iodine, trouble ensues. The more serious signs and symptoms of iodine deficiency may vary according to individuals, but usually include the following:

  • Thyroid enlargement – sometimes called “goiter”
  • Mental imbalances such as depression and anxiety
  • Mental retardation (in extreme cases, and particular in children of mothers who have had an iodine deficiency)
  • Fetal hypothyroidism (improper functioning of the thyroid in unborn children, leading to brain damage).
  • Autism

Other Symptoms of Iodine Deficiency

Beyond the global issue of iodine deficiency in children, Westerners are also susceptible to a lack of iodine. Many researchers are looking into the correlations between various chronic conditions and a lack of iodine.

Some of the lesser-known symptoms of iodine deficiency include:

Slowed Brain Function

Studies have shown the correlation between the shortage of iodine and cognitive function, particularly in the gestation period in children. In fact, one study from 2009 found that iodine supplementation in mildly-deficient children helped improve their perceptual reasoning.[9]

Slowed Metabolism

A lack of iodine can lead to a reduced ability to biosynthesize food into usable nutrients.[10]

This may lead to sluggish metabolism, weight gain and constipation.

Lowered Immunity

Iodine deficiency leaves us open to free radical exposure, particularly in the thyroid gland, specifically in regard to the accumulation of harmful levels of fluoride, perchlorate, and goitrogens. This can cause individuals with symptoms of iodine deficiency to experience more colds and flus.[11]

Emotional Upset and Anxiety

Due to the relationship between iodine and hormone balance, an iodine deficiency disrupts the proper functioning of hormone receptors and communication. This may lead to emotional imbalances, anxiety and a lack of sexual interest.[12]

Cysts, soreness, and heaviness in breasts

A study reported in the Canadian Journal of Surgery found that 70% of patients given iodine supplements showed an improvement in their fibrocystic breast disease [13]. This leads to speculation on the correlation between iodine deficiency and breast cancer, although more research is required. It is generally accepted that there is a connection between a lack of iodine in women, and breast pain/tenderness that can accompany the menstrual cycle.

Compromised organ function

Because of iodine’s role in organ health, iodine deficiency may lead to an inability of the bodies organs to detoxify. Compromised function of the detoxification organs may eventually lead to overall organ failure.

Improper thyroid function

The New England Journal of Medicine reported a correlation between iodine intake and thyroid disease. When the thyroid cannot function properly, it can lead to a whole host of symptoms.[14] These include fatigue, exhaustion, puffy eyes, digestive upset, muscle pain, depression, weight gain, swelling in the body, menstrual upset, fuzzy head, memory impairment, allergic skin reactions, dry skin, brittle nails, sensitivity to cold, hair loss, high cholesterol or general low immunity.

 

Continuing Research

Other possible symptoms of iodine deficiency are currently under scientific research. This research is looking into the possible correlations between iodine deficiency and breast and stomach cancers. Preliminary studies show that iodine deficiency may produce an increased incidence of cancerous malignancies in animals. Similarly, other research shows a possible relationship between iodine levels and gastric forms of cancer. These studies offer hope, as both show a decreased rate of cancer development when the animals are given an iodine-prophylaxis supplement.

Be aware when choosing an iodine supplement. Not all iodine supplements are the same or safe to consume. I personally recommend using a nascent form of iodine, such as Detoxadine®.

GHC youtube Video

Watch an In-Depth Video on
Everything You Need to Know About Iodine

Video Length: 60 minutes

References:

  1. Dr Oleg Chestnov. Sustaining the elimination of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD). Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health World Health Organization.
  2. Kibblewhite M., Ritz K, Swift M. Soil health in agricultural systems. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 2008;363(1492):685-701. doi:10.1098/rstb.2007.2178.
  3. Zimmermann MB. Iodine deficiency in industrialised countries. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society (2010), 69, 133-143. doi:10.1017/S0029665109991819
  4. Delange F. [Disorders due to iodine deficiency] [Article in French]. Acta Clin Belg. 1990;45(6):394-411.
  5. Sardana D, Nanda S, Kharb S. Thyroid hormones in pregnancy and preeclampsia. Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association. 2009;10(3):168-171.
  6. U.S. Department of HEalth and Human Services, National Institute of Health Office of Dietary Supplements. Iodine Fact Sheet for Consumers. Last updated February 17, 2016.
  7. Hamza RT, Hewedi DH, Sallam MT. Iodine deficiency in Egyptian autistic children and their mothers: relation to disease severity. Arch Med Res. 2013 Oct ;44(7):555-61. doi: 10.1016/j.arcmed.2013.09.012. Epub 2013 Oct 10.
  8. Eastman CJ, Zimmermann M. The Iodine Deficiency Disorders. [Updated 2014 Feb 12]. In: De Groot LJ, Beck-Peccoz P, Chrousos G, et al., editors. Endotext [Internet]. South Dartmouth (MA): MDText.com, Inc.; 2000-.
  9. Gordon RC, Rose MC, Skeaff SA, Gray AR, Morgan KM, Ruffman T. Iodine supplementation improves cognition in mildly iodine-deficient children. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Nov;90(5):1264-71. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.2009.28145. Epub 2009 Sep 2.
  10. Medline Plus. Iodine in diet. U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  11. Ahad F, Ganie SA. Iodine, Iodine metabolism and Iodine deficiency disorders revisited. Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2010;14(1):13-17.
  12. Maria-Jesus Obregon, Francisco Escobar del Rey, and Gabriella Morreale de Escobar. The effects of iodine deficiency on thyroid hormone deiodination. Thyroid. August 2005, 15(8): 917-929. doi:10.1089/thy.2005.15.917.
  13. Ghent WR, Eskin BA, Low DA, Hill LP. Iodine replacement in fibrocystic disease of the breast. Can J Surg. 1993 Oct;36(5):453-60.
  14. Teng W, Shan Z, Teng X, Guan H, Li Y, Teng D, Jin Y, Yu X, Fan C, Chong W, Yang F, Dai H, Yu Y, Li J, Chen Y, Zhao D, Shi X, Hu F, Mao J, Gu X, Yang R, Tong Y, Wang W, Gao T, Li C. Effect of iodine intake on thyroid diseases in China. N Engl J Med. 2006 Jun 29;354(26):2783-93.

†Results may vary. Information and statements made are for education purposes and are not intended to replace the advice of your doctor. Global Healing Center does not dispense medical advice, prescribe, or diagnose illness. The views and nutritional advice expressed by Global Healing Center are not intended to be a substitute for conventional medical service. If you have a severe medical condition or health concern, see your physician.

  • Brindes

    A good way to erradicate this problem is to enrich salt with Iodine. That wordked in Brazil and you rarely see any case of the related diseases with iodine deficiencys 😉

  • Shirl

    Aren’t there foods to get sufficient iodine other that iodized salt?

  • Holly

    Seafood.

  • ghc_health

    Shirl,
    Thank you for your post! We have an article posted that does mention a few food items that can help you, 8 Foods Rich in Iodine is a good place to start.

    I would also suggest taking Iodine supplementally, Made from dietary transformative iodine in a bio-elemental nanocolloidal state, Detoxadine is a high-quality daily nascent atomic iodine supplement that will supply you with your recommended daily allowance.

    I hope that this helps you, thank you again for your post, take care and be well!

  • Jess

    Most table salt in the US is enriched with iodine, but it lacks Iodide and is also not sufficient to support the body’s nutrient demand of Iodine/iodide levels, particularly when 90 percent of those tested are greatly deficient. Those who eat whole or raw foods also know that it’s wise to stay away from the usual table salt and that it is best to use a sea salt such as himalayan sea salt. Therefore, it is best to gain iodine/iodide from a food based source and supplement with an additional food based form of iodine such as kelp and black walnut, dulse, irish moss, bladderwrack, etc… The iodine in table salt is only sufficient to prevent a goiter and often it isn’t sufficient for many in that respect.

  • lib_erator

    Kelp. Or get a kelp supliment at Wal Mart. Natural vitamins in the Herbal isle.

  • Jon Anthony Hamilton

    seafood is high in iodine

  • Jon Anthony Hamilton

    I wouldn’t trust the “natural” products from Wal-Mart. For the price they sell supplements, there’s no way they are made of good ingredients. IMO

  • ghc_health

    Right you are, seafood is one of the best sources-

    http://www.globalhealingcenter.com/natural-health/8-great-sources-of-iodine/

    -Dr. Edward Group

  • Rebecca Scheiderer Davis

    I recently read somewhere that the bromine (it may have been bromide?) that they put in flour now blocks the absorption of iodine.

  • ghc_health

    Both bromine and fluorine can inhibit iodine absorption, yes. Good point, Rebecca in pointing out another one of the factors working against good health.
    -Dr. Edward Group

  • nathalie

    Can you fix your brain imbalance with the usage of nascent iodine?

  • Libtarded America

    Gulf shrimp.

  • Pingback: Seven Foods High in Iodine |()

  • Pingback: How Soy Affects Reproductive Health | secrets-1.com()

  • testcase6

    Iodine used to be added to table salt to prevent these problems. Iodine is no longer added to most table salt. That is why iodine deficiency is on the rise. This author, so-called “Dr.” Group, is twisting the issue to suit his politics. This is an old medical issue that was solved, but is on the rise now because of the likes of people like Group. Any legitimate expert on this topic would mention the modification to table salt.

  • Dave

    I don’t understand, are you saying Dr. Group is responsible for the removal of iodine from table salt?

  • Lora1972

    Some of us are allergic to Iodine….

  • William

    Okay and what about people who are allergic go iodine?

  • Pingback: Why You Should Eat These 7 Foods Rich in Iodine! - Expand your Consciousness()

  • Pingback: Iodine Deficiency – An Emerging Health Issue | Dr. Dave's Emporium Blogsite()

  • Victor Scarlisi

    “Iodine is no longer added to most table salt. ”

    That is absolutely untrue! Most table salt sold is iodized. One must look for table salt that is not iodized. The problem is not that table salt is not iodized but that healthful eating includes reducing sodium intake.

  • dancingontheheadofapin

    Rebecca, could you please post the website for that information? I and several members of my family are low thyroid. I have a goiter, albeit not noticeable, and my daughter had to have a parathyroidectomy. We are both on supplementation.

  • dancingontheheadofapin

    Iodine is naturally occurring in Seafood. Since the numbers for autism have escalated in recent years perhaps it is in fact the lack of iodine instead of vaccinations. It would be interesting to see the geographical areas in which it is most found.

  • Pingback: Iodine Deficiency – An Emerging Health Issue | Dr. Dave's Emporium Blogsite()

  • Pingback: Why You Should Eat These 7 Foods Rich in Iodine! - YAHown Care()

  • Diane Salido

    I had RAI to my thyroid 16 yrs ago, after this i could not walk, for 6 months,doctors could never tell me why? i think i need iodine, could i use the drops, i also had non paralytic polio at 8 months, i have a low immune system, painful leg muscle that started after the RAI, diabeties type 11, could i benefit from the drops????

  • Pingback: Everything You Wanted to Know About the Pineal Gland - Waking Times : Waking Times()

  • Pingback: Everything You Wanted to Know About the Pineal Gland | Alternative News Network()

  • Pingback: Everything You Wanted to Know About the Pineal Gland ~()

  • Pingback: Everything You Wanted To Know About The Pineal Gland | Revere Radio Network()

  • Pingback: Everything You Wanted to Know About the Pineal Gland()

  • Pingback: AltHealthWorks.com | Turmeric is One of the Best Natural Remedies for Thyroid and Hormonal Health: Here’s Why()

  • Pingback: Everything You Wanted to Know About the Pineal Gland | The Liberty Beacon()

  • Desdinova March

    I started noticing symptoms several years ago, and after doing some research, started taking kelp tablets from my local health food store. I could definitely see an improvement, and if I go through a spell where I’m too busy/tired/lazy to take my supplements, I can feel the difference. One noticeable difference is that without, minor cuts take forever to heal. Once I start taking the tablets again, they heal pretty quickly.

  • Who

    Try Organically Bound Minerals by Standard Process Vitamins! Has 250mcg per tab iodine in it plus other minerals etc. Check it out. I use it all the time!

  • Who

    World renowned? Never heard of him till now….so, I don’t think so, I’m sure he’s a good practitioner but it’s obvious that he’s mainly interested in selling his iodine concoction. Iodine is very important to ones health but it doesn’t have to be his Detoxadine… Fancy name!

  • Who

    Dr. Oz is world renowned. Everybody has heard of him by now. Before that he was just another surgeon popular among his peers and patients. At least the ones who survived the operation or weren’t so compromised before hand that they didn’t have a chancre in the first place.

  • Who

    Dr. Group is right bout a lot of things he says though regarding the ups and downs of iodine. Don’t get me wrong. He’s a smart guy and I would trust him if I were his patient. He knows what he’s talking about regarding your health.

  • Leslie Ann Cochran

    I read that taking cranberry supplements in capsule form provide a high amount of iodine.

  • Pingback: Todo lo que quieres saber acerca de la Glándula Pineal | La Mente Conectada()

  • Pingback: Everything You Wanted to Know about the Pineal Gland - To Higher ConsciousnessTo Higher Consciousness()

  • Debbie Prince

    What is a good source of iodine for vegans?

  • squint9

    As always, caveat emptor … BUT … low price at Walmart is not always an indicator of poor quality; sometimes it’s just simply being able to buy 1 billion units at a time (which the local herbal shops cannot do). No. Oddly enough, no one I know works there.

  • squint9

    Dr. Oz isn’t in this article; either as a reference or a source. So where are you headed here?

  • squint9

    Not sure where you are located globally-speaking, testcase6, but here in the USA nearly all table salt is iodized. One has to hunt for the non-iodized version if that is what they want.

  • squint9

    … because for 20+ years our doctors have been saying, “Stop eating salt!” We have met the enemy … and it is us!

  • Lora1972

    tell that to my skin….which peels off when it comes in to contact with iodine….and tell that to my body when it ingests iodine, when it violently heaves and when my throat closes shut. And when I have to inject myself with synthetic adrenaline and ingest antihistamines. The body makes what the body needs. Anything taken in, my body violently reacts to. Please do not comment unless you know my body.

  • Tayeric2

    I just read an article (on Yahoo) titled, ” 5 things not to buy at Wal-Mart”. There was a recent investigation by the New York Attorney General’s office that found there was nothing in the supplement (Wal-Mart store brand Spring Valley) that was listed on the label. Radish and wheat are some of the things that they found were used instead. Check it out.

  • maryann

    The solution is to ban bromide and its derivitives. It is chemically similar to iodine which is why it absorbs into the glands. But it is poison to the human biology. Simple as that. Why was iodine removed from bread some generations ago and replaced with bromide? Nobody can tell me. Why was it removed from bromoseltzer but not food? Because it makes us fat and stupid. Who would want us fat and stupid? There is no mystery. Bromide is in bread soda its in everything including animal feed. It is absorbed into the glands and blocks iodine from getting in. Still want to give WHO money to research it? Want to spend money on cures? Ban it! Take all the iodine potions u want but if you still ingest bromide it won’t work. It can’t. It’s blocked. There is iodine in food bromides make it impossible to absorb. Why don’t you believe me? Because I’m not selling something or asking for a grant to research it?

  • Patti O’Donnell

    What if you have had a diagnoises of being allergic to Iodine

  • Conspiracy Cat

    Can iodine deficiency lead to inherent skeletal deformities (not in extremes like the Elephant Man), like thicker joints and Achondroplasia-like conditions?

  • Robin Matthews

    I went another route to help with my iodine deficiency and fibrocystic breast disease. I had no idea I was at such a high risk of breast cancer if I didn’t try to take actions in treating the disease. My regular doctors never told me about that at all. Dr. Jorge D. Flechas, MD recommends we take 50 mgs of iodine/iodide daily for everyone and recommends we take it with 1000 mgs of Niacin (B3) and 200 mgs of Riboflavin (B2) to help the iodine/iodide absorb and attach itself to the proteins and cells. I’ve only taken iodine/iodide supplements for 3 wks and I’m already getting great results from it. I no longer have any tenderness or lumps like I have been experiencing and I’m experiencing better overall health too. Dr. Flechas says that our bodies can hold up to 1500 mgs of iodine and our thyroids can hold up to 50 mgs all by itself, so there’s really not anything to worry about for doctors to recommend 50 mgs per day to their patients. He says people with cancer can double his recommended dose but divide it into taking it twice a day. Our bodies get rid of any excess it doesn’t need. But we need to be careful our bodies are absorbing it too and not just dumping it and not getting any benefits from it.

    Women have more absorption trouble with iodine than men because of our estrogen. But even dairy milk has estrogen in it if you don’t buy organic milk. These corporations that run dairy farms will try to get more from their cattle with less heads of cattle by giving them estrogen to produce more milk. All for the bottom dollar for caring and feeding less cattle.

    I hope your company can make products that have higher doses of iodine/iodide so that it’s cost effective to purchase. I think I would use your drops to add to homemade breads and other foods as it stands currently, but I couldn’t use them for my treatment for fibrocystic disease.

    I’m willing to try other products and brands because I’m in this for the long haul. I’m hoping this can also help ward off any more pre-melonoma cancer on my skin as I have shown symptoms of iodine deficiency in my skin as well.

  • Robin Matthews

    You may be allergic to the dye in some of the iodine products? I’m using tablets for my iodine/iodide supplements and I’m allergic to a lot of products, especially with sulfa in them. Try seaweed or some other plants that naturally have iodine in them. But I’m really sorry to hear that you’re having trouble with being able to take iodine. It’s so essential in warding off diseases and cancer.

  • Robin Matthews

    Iodine deficiency can lead to Cretinism if mothers are iodine deficient during pregnancy, according Dr. Jorge D. Lechas, MD

  • Dora Ray

    I have been hypothyroid for 15 years – treated with dessicated thyroid medications. When I take iodine, even in the smallest mcg quantity, I get a sensation of tightness in my neck and symptoms of hypothyroid. My diet is incredibly pure and does not include products with bromine or fluorine.
    I used to be able to take iodine and enjoy seaweeds but no longer. Dr. Group, please kindly shed some light on this as with all the information about the benefits of iodine, I feel left out!

  • Hey Dora, thanks for reaching out. It’s hard to tell exactly what could be causing your issue but I did notice this discussion that describes some of what you mentioned.

  • Pingback: NaturalWellBeing()

  • Pingback: Seven Foods Rich in Iodine | Sunfood Articles and Recipes()

  • Pingback: What is Adrenal Fatigue? – Causes and Symptoms – Welcome to The Global News Hub()

  • Pingback: What Is Adrenal Fatigue? – Causes And SymptomsQuantum Reality | Quantum Reality()

  • Pingback: What Is Adrenal Fatigue? – Causes And Symptoms | Revere Radio Network()

  • Muddy

    Try iodoral. No Dyes, tablet form. Read about it, too. I severely doubt you’re allergic to iodine. In fact, most allergies can be attributed to the system not functioning correctly. Now THAT is something to tackle.

  • Muddy

    Sea food was great, but now it’s laden with mercury. Wouldn’t reach for seafood if I have a deficiency in my body – seafood should be early rarely, if ever.

  • Muddy

    Have you tried iodoral or Lugol’s Iodine 5?

  • Muddy

    I’ve mentioned this elsewhere, but iodoral is something I read about and recently purchased. It’s supposed to be the tablet form of Lugol’s iodine 5 (liquid), which I took as a small child, following the Chernobyl explosion.

  • Muddy

    Dr Oz is known to peddle items for money he receives from companies. At least that’s what I’ve read.

  • Lora1972

    Fax me a copy of your medical degree and we’ll possibly discuss that you MIGHT know something about MY body. Until then, I am quite content with my knowledge on the matter, considering I have more than one degree in Health Sciences.
    And that fact that you are recommending Potassium Iodide to someone who is deathly allergic to it is somewhat frightening. And by that, I mean the last time I ingested Potassium Iodide, I suffered from anaphylactic shock. That was from one sip of a beverage that contained it. Can you imagine what would happen if I did what YOU recommended and eat a bottle of pills? Stop dispensing medical advice online!

  • Pingback: Iodine: An old life-saving medicine – rediscovered! | Healthy Cures()

  • Pingback: Early Warning Signs of Adrenal Insufficiency (and how to regain hormonal balance)()

  • Pingback: Everything You Wanted to Know about the Pineal Gland()

  • Beata

    Muddy, since my inquiry – I put myself on the protocol of Iodine and several escellent supplements: selenium, Magnesium, Zinc, Vitamin B complex, Vitamin C, and multi. I no longer have the sensation of the tightness in my throat.

    Dr. Group, The tightness in the throat was what some people call “the iodine scarcity reaction”. The thyroid struggles and tries to pull in whatever iodine is available. With a sufficient dose, the thyroid is saturated and the struggle no longe occurs.
    I can attest this to be true. After years of very troubling tightness in my throat – I am free of it with the iodine protocol.

  • Tessa Rei

    I read that ACV over time can cause an iodine deficiency.

  • Pingback: Iodine Supplements: The Three Best Kinds To Use | | Quantum Reality()

  • Pingback: Iodine Supplements: The Three Best Kinds To Use - Alternative Report()

  • Pingback: How Soy Affects Reproductive Health | | Quantum Reality()

  • Alex Chu

    The WHO is aiming to reduce global salt consumption, if that is the case than where are we going to get our iodine supply. I consume quarter to half a tsp of iodized salt in the morning in my food now with WHO aiming to reduce salt consumption. We will be all iodine deficient in no time.

  • Pingback: Low Salt Is Bad for Heart Health - Just Naturally Healthy()

  • Pingback: The Truth About Iodine and Hypothyroidism | Yuri Elkaim()

  • Pingback: Everything You Wanted To Know About The Pineal Gland - Alternative Report()

  • Pingback: Everything You Wanted To Know About The Pineal Gland | | Quantum Reality()

  • Pingback: Symptoms of Iodine Deficiency | Dr. Edward Group – Global Healing Center | The Center of the Decentralized()

  • Pingback: 12 Uses For Iodine (And Other Tips, Research And Resources) | | Quantum Reality()

  • Pingback: 12 Uses For Iodine (And Other Tips, Research And Resources) - Alternative Report()

  • Pingback: 12 Uses for Iodine (and Other Tips, Research and Resources) | Untruth()

  • Pingback: Health Benefits Of Iodine For Thyroid Health - Alternative Report()

  • Pingback: Iodine In Salt: Why Is It Added? | | Quantum Reality()

  • Pingback: Iodine In Salt: Why Is It Added? - Alternative Report()

  • Pingback: Issue #20 | A Healthy You()

  • Pingback: Thyroid Hormones: Mastering The Importance Of The Thyroid - Alternative Report()

  • Vallery Brown

    I thought i was allergic to iodine in fact when I take CT Scans well they ask me are you allergic to iodine I say yes because I was allergic to seafoo. I m so confuse woth this iodine mess because one time they put iodine in my body because I didn’t tell them I’m allergic to this stuff and when they inject the iodine in me I had no allergic reaction to it and now I can eat some seafood now ,but I’m carefull of how much seafood I’m eating so this iodine stuff is somewhat very contradicting I am not sure if I had to much of it or what ???? So again I”m very carefull of casuming alot of iodine.

  • Pingback: Everything You Wanted To Know About The Pineal Gland - Social Lay- viral on social media Trending news and photos from Facebook.()


Top Selling Supplements

Colon Cleanser Oxy-Powder® is the top quality colon cleanser. Promotes optimal colon health and regular bowel activity. Learn More

Liver Cleanse Kit This complete liver cleansing kit is a comprehensive approach to cleansing your liver. Learn More



Get to know Dr. Group

  Our Company

SHOPPING

MY ACCOUNT

QUICK HELP