The Health Benefits of Peppermint Leaf

by Dr. Edward Group DC, NP, DACBN, DCBCN, DABFM Published on , Last Updated on

A bowl of fresh peppermint leaves. Vitamins and Minerals Are One of Many Benefits of Peppermint Leaf.

Peppermint (Mentha piperita) is a hardy perennial herb that is a hybrid of watermint and spearmint. It’s native to Europe, but can be found all across the world. With a long history of therapeutic use for a variety of ailments that extends back to ancient Egypt, peppermint is referred to as “the world’s oldest medicine.”

Nutritionally, peppermint offers vitamins A and C, iron, potassium, fiber, and it’s low-calorie. Its refreshing flavor and cooling sensation have lead to its inclusion in many products including mouthwash, toothpaste, soap, and ointment. Regardless if you obtain it from your local farmer’s market or grow it in your own herb garden at home, peppermint leaf offers many amazing health benefits.

Peppermint Leaf Fights Harmful Organisms

Peppermint or extracts of compounds from peppermint leaf, including menthol, can help defend against many types of harmful organisms.[1] It’s been evaluated against head lice,[2] fungus,[3] and even worms that reside in goat intestines[4]—all with positive results.

Peppermint Supports Digestive Health

Appreciation for peppermint’s qualities as a digestive aid extends back hundreds of years. Recent studies confirm peppermint tea is helpful for relieving indigestion.[5] Peppermint may also ease various symptoms of IBS, including abdominal discomfort, gas, and diarrhea.[6]

Peppermint Promotes Respiratory Health

You can breathe easy knowing that peppermint supports lung health and respiratory function.[7] Peppermint may even boost lung function during exercise. In a study of 12 healthy males, consumption of peppermint-infused mineral water lead to a measurable increase in respiratory rate and running performance—likely due to increased oxygen concentration and decreased blood lactate levels.[8]

Peppermint Leaf and Oral Health

Peppermint is frequently added to toothpaste, mouthwash, and floss. Although its minty flavor keeps your mouth smelling fresh and feeling clean, it has an even greater effect. Studies show that peppermint encourages a healthy oral environment by fighting plaque and supporting gum health.[9] Others studies suggest peppermint keeps the mouth clean by inhibiting the growth of bacteria and oral pathogens.[10]

Peppermint Leaf, Headaches, and Stress

Peppermint is a fantastic natural remedy for tension-type headaches—the most frequent type of a headache. In fact, by some accounts, peppermint oil can relieve a headache as well as aspirin and acetaminophen.[11] Peppermint has a soothing action and is recommended by aromatherapy practitioners for relieving feelings of stress and anxiety.

Peppermint and the Liver

Peppermint may support liver function by promoting the flow of bile.[12] Bile helps digest fats and encourages normal cholesterol levels; normal cholesterol levels reduce the workload placed on the liver. Additionally, animal studies show that compounds in peppermint leaf may protect the liver against certain toxins.[13] While more research is required to explore this relationship, early investigations about peppermint’s ability to support liver health are positive.

Other Benefits of Peppermint Leaf

  • Peppermint tea, one of the most consumed herbal teas in the world, contains antioxidants.[14]
  • Traditional folk medicine recommends peppermint for relieving discomfort, a claim that has been investigated and substantiated.[15]
  • Peppermint has a relaxing effect on smooth muscle tissue. There are many situations where relaxing smooth muscle tissue is beneficial, whether it be relieving a sore throat, or calming colonic spasms during barium enemas.[16]
  • Some studies suggest that certain compounds in peppermint, in certain situations, may promote normal cell growth and development.[17]

How to Grow Your Own Peppermint

Peppermint is a fantastic and valuable addition to an organic herb garden. It repels insects and requires minimal care. Once established, peppermint grows rapidly; some gardeners might say it grows a little too easily.

True peppermint is not grown from seeds. As a hybrid plant, most peppermint plants are sterile. Unscrupulous sellers still offer something called “peppermint seeds” but I wouldn’t recommend purchasing. They either won’t germinate or aren’t true peppermint. If they do germinate, what grows may be a mint, but not peppermint. The taste, smell, and therapeutic properties will be different—and probably not as pleasant.

True peppermint is grown only via cuttings. You should be able to find some at your local garden shop, or from a green-thumbed friend who already possesses a peppermint plant. Perform a taste test on a leaf first. The plant you grow will effectively be a clone of the original and should taste exactly the same.

Plant in early spring. The cuttings prefer a temperature of at least 65°F (~18°C). If the temperature outside regularly falls below that, you can start the cuttings inside your home, but once the cuttings reach 10 cm in height, it’s time to move them outdoors. Peppermint prefers moist, but well-drained, soil and full or partial sunlight.

The plants will grow about 1-2 feet in height and completely cover the ground. Like most mint species, peppermint is invasive and, if you aren’t careful, it will take over your whole garden. For this reason, many gardeners prefer to grow peppermint in a container or in an enclosed area on the ground to prevent the roots from spreading.

Peppermint leaves can be harvested as soon as they begin growing. The new leaves will have the best flavor. When harvesting, leave at least 1/3 of the plant intact. The essential oils of mint are most potent when harvested in the morning after the dew has dried.

Dry peppermint leaves quickly after harvesting, as they tend to mold quickly. Peppermint may be air dried by tying the stems into bunches. Hang the stems upside in a paper bag, in a cool, dry place. After two weeks, the herbs will be dry and ready to store. If stored in an airtight container, the herb should remain fresh for up to three years.

Using Peppermint Leaf

Peppermint leaf is used in many ways. Add the leaves to salads or make peppermint tea. Even adding peppermint leaves to purified water, is cooling and refreshing. Chewing peppermint leaves is an easy way to naturally freshen breath.

Peppermint as a Supplement

If you want the benefits of peppermint leaf without the hassle of growing or preparing it yourself, peppermint oils and peppermint leaf extract are a great alternative. Global Healing Center offers an array of products that contain high quality, organic peppermint extract. Allertrex® supports respiratory health, and Livatrex® promotes optimal liver function, and both harnesses the power of peppermint and other organic herbs to support your health.

What’s your favorite use for peppermint? Leave a comment and let us know your thoughts!

References (17)
  1. Keskin D, Toroglu S. "Studies on antimicrobial activities of solvent extracts of different spices." J Environ Biol. 2011 Mar;32(2):251-6.
  2. Veal L. "The potential effectiveness of essential oils as a treatment for headlice, Pediculus humanus capitis." Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery. 1996 Aug;2(4):97-101.
  3. Zaker M, Mosallanejad H. "Antifungal activity of some plant extracts on Alternaria alternata, the causal agent of alternaria leaf spot of potato." Pak J Biol Sci. 2010 Nov 1;13(21):1023-9.
  4. De Almeida MA, Domingues LF, Almeida GN, Simas MM, Botura MB, Da Cruz AC, Da Silva AV, Menezes TP, Batatinha MJ. "[Effects of aqueous extracts of Mentha piperita L. and Chenopodium ambrosioides L. leaves in infective larvae cultures of gastrointestinal nematodes of goats]." Rev Bras Parasitol Vet. 2007 Jan-Mar;16(1):57-9. Portuguese.
  5. "Herbal remedies for dyspepsia: peppermint seems effective." Prescrire Int.2008;17(95):121-3.
  6. Cappello G, Spezzaferro M, Grossi L, Manzoli L, Marzio L. "Peppermint oil (Mintoil) in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome: a prospective double blind placebo-controlled randomized trial." Dig Liver Dis. 2007;39(6):530-6.
  7. Shkurupiĭ VA, Kazarinova NV, Ogirenko AP, Nikonov SD, Tkachev AV, Tkachenko KG. "[Efficiency of the use of peppermint (Mentha piperita L) essential oil inhalations in the combined multi-drug therapy for pulmonary tuberculosis]." 8 Probl Tuberk. 2002;(4):36-9.
  8. Meamarbashi A, Rajabi A. "The effects of peppermint on exercise performance." Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2013;10:15. doi:10.1186/1550-2783-10-15.
  9. Aspalli S, Shetty VS, Devarathnamma MV, Nagappa G, Archana D, Parab P. "Evaluation of antiplaque and antigingivitis effect of herbal mouthwash in treatment of plaque induced gingivitis: A randomized clinical trial." J Indian 11 Soc Periodontol. 2014;18(1):48-52.
  10. Thosar N, Basak S, Bahadure RN, Rajurkar M. "Antimicrobial efficacy of five essential oils against oral pathogens: An in vitro study." Eur J Dent. 2013;7(Suppl 1):S71-7.
  11. Göbel H, Heinze A, Heinze-kuhn K, Göbel A, Göbel C. "[Peppermint oil in the acute treatment of tension-type headache]." Schmerz. 2016;30(3):295-310.
  12. Zong L, Qu Y, Luo DX, et al. "Preliminary experimental research on the mechanism of liver bile secretion stimulated by peppermint oil." J Dig Dis. 2011;12(4):295-301.
  13. Sharma A, Sharma MK, Kumar M. "Protective effect of Mentha piperita against arsenic-induced toxicity in liver of Swiss albino mice. Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol." 2007 Apr;100(4):249-57.
  14. Fecka I, Turek S. "Determination of water-soluble polyphenolic compounds in commercial herbal teas from Lamiaceae: peppermint, melissa, and sage." J Agric Food Chem. 2007 Dec 26;55(26):10908-17. Epub 2007 Dec 4.
  15. Taher YA. "Antinociceptive activity of Mentha piperita leaf aqueous extract in mice." Libyan J Med. 2012;7. doi: 10.3402/ljm.v7i0.16205. Epub 2012 Mar 27.
  16. Kligler B, Chaudhary S. "Peppermint oil." Am Fam Physician. 2007 Apr 1;75(7):1027-30. Review.
  17. Jain D, Pathak N, Khan S, Raghuram GV, Bhargava A, Samarth R, Mishra PK. " Evaluation of cytotoxicity and anticarcinogenic potential of Mentha leaf extracts." Int J Toxicol. 2011 Mar;30(2):225-36. doi: 10.1177/1091581810390527. Epub 2011 Feb 7.

†Results may vary. Information and statements made are for education purposes and are not intended to replace the advice of your doctor. Global Healing Center does not dispense medical advice, prescribe, or diagnose illness. The views and nutritional advice expressed by Global Healing Center are not intended to be a substitute for conventional medical service. If you have a severe medical condition or health concern, see your physician.

  • I use peppermint in a Yucca liniment I make,
    one to aide the Yucca in pain killing and two;
    to help the smell of the liniment.

  • Richard

    In the second paragraph it says Methanol. Isn’t it suppose to be Menthol? Thanks for the article.

  • ghc_health

    The referenced study describes using methanol as a solvent to extract active components from peppermint. Thank you for raising the question though and allowing for the clarification.

  • Natalie

    I bought some mints today from a farmer market; they said it’s Chinese mints. I put some in my spaghetti and it completely destroyed the whole dish because of its strong smell and weird taste. I know it’s not spearmints, but wondering if it’s peppermint.

  • Jeremy

    I get the Xanadu organic peppermint leaf and enjoy a cup every evening sweetened with a generous tbsp of raw local honey. I find that 8 – 10 minutes is generally a good steeping time, although, I did forget one time and it steeped for over an hour…it was quite good. Freshly steeped loose leaf peppermint tea is an indelible part of my evening routine…my wife and eldest daughter also enjoy it as well.

  • Richard Mohorovich

    would be so much easier consume if you had this article in video format! As it’s really late at night..

  • ghc_health

    Good suggestion, Richard. We’ll add that to our production queue.

  • Patrick Collins

    Would you include this as part of an all in one digestive detox mix? I mean is it a worthwhile inclusion? I have had huge success personally with milk thistle , yellow dock and dandelion and was thinking of combining that mix with a parasite cleanse of black walnut hull, clove, wormwood and red clover ….what do you think ? For an all in one digestive detox is something like that practical ?

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  • Jonathan Crosby

    I recently quite dipping tobacco and replaced it with chewing peppermint leaves mixed along with other herbs instead. It provides much of the same flavor, feel, and consistency my brain associated with my oral fixation to dip. I highly encourage anyone else looking for a quiting aid to try this out. I would not have made it the first three weeks as my body purges itself of nicotine without it. Reading this it’s nice to know I have switched a purely harmful habit to my body into a beneficial one.

  • Rochelle

    I was suffering with a terrible and painful toothache. I made a hot cup of peppermint tea with a couple of small cubes of fresh ginger! I found instant relief! I am astounded at its miraculous healing properties!

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  • Fairlight Williams

    Ive recently discovered peppermint oil on cotton swabs in the cupboards repels mice. I’m now trying to propagate a bunch of mint plants to border our kitchen and chicken coop to keep them away.

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